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Aristotle: Happiness and Virtue

Page history last edited by cAmz 13 years, 11 months ago

 

TITLE: Contemporary Moral Problems: Happiness and Virtue (Chapter 8)

AMAZON LINK: http://www.amazon.com/Contemporary-Moral-Problems-James-White/dp/0534584306

QUOTATION: All humans beings, seek happiness is not pleasure, honor, wealth, but an activity of the soul in accordance with the virtue”

LEARNING EXPECTATIONS:

-          I want to understand more issues in virtue.

-          I want to learn the connection of happiness and virtue.

REVIEW:

 Happiness is not a pleasure, honor or wealth, but an activity of the soul in accordance of virtue. Happiness is always for the sake of itself but never for the sake of something else just like the honor, pleasure, reason and every virtue we choose indeed for themselves but we choose them also for the sake of happiness, judging that they by means of them we shall be happy. Happiness is neither no one chooses for the sake of these or for anything other than itself.

Happiness is related to virtue in the sense that it makes no small difference whether we place the chief good in possession or in use, in state of mind or activity. For the state of mind may exist without producing any good result.

 Similar to virtue, happiness is related to pleasure because it is a state of the soul in which it depends on the man or individual how they will find happiness in the things they are doing. Conflicts occur because sometimes it is just not by nature pleasant but as an adventure charm.

The moral virtue is a mean and in what sense it is so, and that it is a mean between two vices, the one involving excess, and the other as a deficiency, and that is such because its characteristic is to aim at what is intermediate in passions and in actions, has been sufficiently stated.

 A person has the virtue in studying, in any sense there will be times that failure in any form can be experienced then it is either that person accept that failure as a challenge as a positive approach or down himself and treat the failure as the end of his life. As said it is not easy but then it is not for everyone.

 As my understanding, it is possible that all people is happy but if we will include the creatures or creation by God then I do not think so it is possible that all creatures will be happy. In the reading, it states that “by the fact that the other animals have no share in happiness, being completely deprived of such activity. I think those creatures by God that incapable of the virtuous activities are those who cannot be happy.

WHAT I HAVE LEARNED:

-          I learned the aspect of virtue in terms of happiness.

-          I have acquainted the two kinds of virtue.

 

INTEGRATIVE QUESTIONS:

  1. What is virtue?
  2. What are the two kinds of virtue?
  3. What is moral virtue?
  4. How can you measure perfect happiness?
  5. What does a man need to consider being a man?

REVIEW QUESTIONS:

1.       What is happiness, according to Aristotle? How is it related to virtue? How is it related to pleasure?

 Happiness is not a pleasure, honor or wealth, but an activity of the soul in accordance of virtue. Happiness is always for the sake of itself but never for the sake of something else just like the honor, pleasure, reason and every virtue we choose indeed for themselves but we choose them also for the sake of happiness, judging that they by means of them we shall be happy. Happiness is neither no one chooses for the sake of these or for anything other than itself.

Happiness is related to virtue in the sense that it makes no small difference whether we place the chief good in possession or in use, in state of mind or activity. For the state of mind may exist without producing any good result.

 Similar to virtue, happiness is related to pleasure because it is a state of the soul in which it depends on the man or individual how they will find happiness in the things they are doing. Conflicts occur because sometimes it is just not by nature pleasant but as an adventure charm.

2.       How does Aristotle explain moral virtue? Give some examples.

The moral virtue is a mean and in what sense it is so, and that it is a mean between two vices, the one involving excess, and the other as a deficiency, and that is such because its characteristic is to aim at what is intermediate in passions and in actions, has been sufficiently stated.

 A person has the virtue in studying, in any sense there will be times that failure in any form can be experienced then it is either that person accept that failure as a challenge as a positive approach or down himself and treat the failure as the end of his life. As said it is not easy but then it is not for everyone.

3.       Is it possible for everyone in our society to be happy, as Aristotle explains it? If not, who cannot be happy?

 As my understanding, it is possible that all people is happy but if we will include the creatures or creation by God then I do not think so it is possible that all creatures will be happy. In the reading, it states that “by the fact that the other animals have no share in happiness, being completely deprived of such activity. I think those creatures by God that incapable of the virtuous activities are those who cannot be happy.

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1.       Aristotle characterizes a life of pleasure as suitable for beasts. But what, if anything, is wrong with a life of pleasure?

 In my own opinion, the only wrong thing with a life of pleasure is that if someone will experience this either a deficiency or excess but will be a little bit of acceptance and behavior to one person.

In any form of excess or deficiency is bad because the value given to it will be a terrible one for anyone in the form of personality.

2.       Aristotle claims that the philosopher will be happier than anyone else. Why is this? Do you agree or not?

 Philosopher will be happier than anyone else because they have more knowledge and their moral are well disciplined because of the different studies they undergone. I do agree with this because they have experience and study different fields and even different ideas in this world that I think can make them more happier and their willingness for understanding and learning are more wider than us.

 

 

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